Do you know that the wrong shoes can cause headaches?
Vladimir Lashkovsky, The head of the Department of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Military Field Surgery at Grodno Medical University, Head of the Regional Orthopedic Traumatology Center, Candidate of Medical Sciences, said that the choice of footwear should be taken very seriously.
It is important when the shoes correctly distribute the load of our body on the foot, and each of its sections is involved when walking. For this to happen, there must be a stable wide heel. Its recommended height is 2-3 centimeters: then the load is equally distributed between the back and front of the foot. The higher the heel, the greater the load on the front section. Because of this, hypertrophy of bone structures can occur — they increase in size. Roughly speaking, they are «pumped up», and the foot in the front section becomes much wider.
— Nobody says that you need to give up high heels. But it is not suitable for everyday wear. Especially considering that stability in such shoes is greatly reduced and as a result of a fall, you can get serious injuries. Also, don’t buy shoes that are too tight. The fingers are in a compressed state, and the blood flow in the foot worsens, said Vladimir Lashkovsky.
Some people prefer to choose boots with a molded sole. In this case, natural shock absorption does not work and the person steps, as if striking the surface with his foot. Very stiff shoes bind the foot, which leads to atrophy of the muscles of the foot.
Useful tips from Vladimir Lashkovsky
Modern man has completely forgotten that it is imperative to walk barefoot on the ground. This is an excellent prevention of various diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Walking barefoot is useful for people of all ages. Also, at the end of the day, after walking for a long time in closed shoes, you need to self-massage the foot.
With age, bone density decreases and osteopenia and osteoporosis can develop, leading to painful sensations. To help these patients, doctors recommend using special plantar orthoses that additionally support the arch of the foot.
Fatty tissue in the foot area also decreases over time, so older people should choose soft shoes to compensate for the lack of body fat.
When walking on a hard surface, the acceleration of the foot reaches 30 g. (For comparison: the acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 g). But this blow is extinguished by the structures of the musculoskeletal system. If the shoes are correct, the foot absorbs 70 percent of the load. Further, it is inhibited in the ankle, knee and hip joints, intervertebral discs. And at the base of the skull, the shock load is only 0.5g. If an insufficient amount of impact is absorbed by the foot, then the impact on the skull is increased. Because of this, headaches can occur.